The Origins of the Word Soccer


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The thing that separates North American soccer fans and players from their international football-playing counterparts—aside from skill—is that for some strange reason they do not use the same word to identify the sport.  The rules are mostly identical and the pitch is the same.  Making matters more confusing is the added factor that North Americans already have a game called “football” (NFL, CFL, CFB) that is completely unrelated (well, unrelated in the modern sense) to international “football”.

The purists around the world always seem to frown at the mention of the word “soccer”.  Heck, even North American fans of the beautiful game scoff at “soccer”, and choose “football”, “footy”, or anything other than “soccer”, as if the very word is dirty.

What got me thinking is how and why the term “soccer” began in the first place, seeing as how it is an older sport than NFL.  The answer is a little surprising, yet difficult to explain.  Regardless, let’s forge forward.

The Origins of the Word Soccer

Let’s begin the explanation with the answer;  “Soccer” is not a North American invented word. In fact, its origins are in England.  The game was called “Soccer” by the upper class who played the game for 17 years before the middle and lower classes took up the sport and called it “football”.

Perhaps some of you knew that, but I’d hazard a guess that most didn’t.  In a nutshell, here’s what happened…

During the mid-19th century, boys had the odd propensity to nickname everything, oftentimes adding an “er” to the end of a word.  So, Rugby became “Rugger”, and Association Football (the earliest form of the current game) became “Assoccer”, and soon after that was simply called “soccer“.

Some say that Charles Wredford-Brown was first to coin the word “soccer”, when a friend asked him to play “rugger” with some other students, to which he replied that he preferred “soccer”.  So, it was this man, an English lad who went to Oxford, who invented the word, and not some bloke from America.

But as it was still referred to by many as Association Football, and then Soccer, why is now just called football?  Glad you asked.

“Football” was not given the name because people kick the ball with their feet, as seems so obvious.  Instead, it refers to the fact that they played on their feet, rather than on horseback.  See, in the mid-19th century, the aristocrats played their sports on horseback, as they do with polo.  But the middle and lower class played games on their feet.  Seems far-fetched right?  Well, history proves otherwise.

As “soccer” was played by the elite (such as the Oxford lad who is said to have coined “soccer”), it soon spread to the working classes, and became “football”.

I find it curious that people look down on the word “soccer” as if it is somehow inferior and not authentic or traditional.  I hope at the very least I have shown that the word has history and is every bit as authentic as “football”.  While it isn’t likely to become en vogue anywhere outside Canada and the US, it still has its place.

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  1. Association was the name of the organizing board, not the game. FA stands for Football Association, some countries have Football Federations, but the sport ain’t called dera there, it’s called football.
    Football does describe the sport in the 21st Century, a ball used mainly by the foot. If it still means sport played on foot rather than horse, then that means basketball, cricket, & golf are all codes of football.
    Rugby is rugby, gridiron is gridiron, there’s Aussie ball & Gaelic ball, but football has only one name, football. That’s why more & more americans are calling it football, cos the word soccer duznt mean anything. Yes, i can see the MLS being renamed MLF, & the NFL being renamed NGL. There could be a mountain of money to be made in rebranding at some point, if the amount is right, then those running the show will do it when the time is right for them.

    1. The sport’s still often called “association football” in more formal instances where there might be confusion between different games!

  2. The sport has only one name? Most countries use a variation on “football”: Futbol in Spanish-speaking countries, fussball in Germany, voetbal in the Netherlands, and so on.

    But the vast majority of the English-speaking world — North America, Australia, India, and the country in which the last World Cup was held, South Africa (“Soccer City Stadium”) — call it “soccer.” And Italy calls it “calcio.” So that’s at least three different names.

    Personally, until England can reach a Semifinal, in either the World Cup OR the European Championships, something they haven’t done since 1996, I think they’re on shaky ground telling anybody else what to call it. I grew up calling it “soccer,” and in my country we have freedom of speech, and I’m going to continue to call it “soccer.” You got a problem with that, take it up with George Washington. And Andrew Jackson. Better yet, there are still living members of the U.S. team that beat England in a World Cup game in 1950, take it up with them.

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