USL Rising: The USL Is Better Than The NASL

(Editorial) – In the United State Soccer Pyramid, the NASL sits as the second division below MLS. The USL sits as the third division league, but only in title. With an offseason rebrand, success in the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, and more buzz within the league and attention from MLS, the USL is rising above the NASL.


Earlier this year, USL Pro rebranded as the USL with a campaign, known as USL Rising. The new logo also provided custom coloration for each team, mirroring MLS’s rebrand, MLS Next.

Besides the name and color change, the USL established several new initiatives that are key to the future growth of the league. As part of an affiliation with MLS, all MLS teams now must have a USL affiliate.

MLS sides can form their own USL side, such as LA Galaxy II or Real Monarchs. Clubs can also establish an affiliation with an existing USL side, such as the Chicago Fire and Saint Louis FC or D.C. United and the Richmond Kickers.

This partnership provides USL with quality young talent from MLS. MLS teams see it as a chance to give players who are outside the 18 a chance to get regular playing time. From a marketing and publicity side, MLS fans now pay more attention to USL because of their club’s affiliation with a USL side. This relationship improving the quality on the field, making USL more appealing to the fan in a USL market.

As of last year, every USL league match is streamed live on Youtube for free. This makes the product easily accessible. The league has also set a stadium initiative to have every club owning or being the primary tenant in soccer-specific venues by 2020. Half the league currently does not fulfill this requirement. Ambitious, but encouraging.

The league has their eyes set on something bigger though . . .

Division 2 Status:

The biggest power move of USL Rising was the league’s application for Division 2 status in the U.S. Soccer Pyramid. U.S. Soccer updated the standards for Division 2 status in 2010. IMSoccer News reported the detailed changes.

Both the USL and the NASL are a bit short at the moment. Here are some of the highlights:

– Eight teams with at least 75% in the USA
– By year six have US teams in at least three time zones
– At least 75% of teams must be in market greater than 750,000
– Minimum seating capacity of 5,000
– Principal Owner (35%) having net worth of 20 million dollars
– All owners must have at least 5% share

In a statement about the updated standards, Tampa Bay Rowdies Owner Andrew Nestor said “that they are a necessary next step for the growth of soccer in North America. Our ownership group and organization meet the standards and I am confident that our NASL partners do as well.”

It is a bit unclear how the NASL currently stands as the second division with the new standards. With no relegation-promotion in the work, the rules do allow multiple leagues to occupy the same tier simultaneously.

Should the USL beat the NASL to meeting the new standards, they would jump the NASL for second division status. If and when the NASL met the standards, they would join the USL and U.S. Soccer would have two second division leagues.

It is difficult to predict which league will reach the requirements sooner. It is also a bit unclear how much the MLS owned USL teams (of which there are eight) will push to help meet these standards. That could require resources the owners would rather spend on the MLS franchise.

A soccer arms race has begun between the two leagues. This has already manifested itself in competition for aspiring markets and ownership groups.

Founder of Sac Republic FC, Warren Smith said “it was the affiliation with MLS that USL PRO has that made this finally a trigger point for us. Had NASL been the MLS partner, perhaps it would have been a different dialog.”

Again, a healthy partnership with MLS benefits the USL. As for the NASL . . .

NASL Issues:

The original NASL has often been described as the Wild Wild West. Then there’s the ugly history of the New York Cosmos having financial issues that were partially responsible for the league going under in the 1980s.

While the new version of the league has worked to improve its image, there are still issues. Aaron Davidson was one of the FIFA executives arrested earlier this week. He is the Chairman of the NASL’s Board of Governors and owner of Traffic Sports USA. Traffic Sports has had a significant stake in NASL in the past, but has moved away from the league recently. Traffic currently owns the Carolina Railhawks. The league has suspended Davidson and will likely assume control of the Railhawks.

As discussed on Last Word Soccer Club Radio this week, while long term damage is unlikely, the league has and could suffer some bad PR in the future.

The NASL has also had a strong undertone of wanting to compete with MLS as the top league in American Soccer. Expanding to Miami (one of MLS’s primary targets for expansion) certainly seemed like a power move. Where the USL sees MLS as partner to help both leagues and thus American Soccer, the NASL seems willing to help itself at the expense of MLS and the sport.

One thing the NASL does have going for itself is the new partnership with ESPN3, something even MLS could not get. The NASL averaged 5,501 fans per game in 2014, while the USL only drew 3,114. While both are still far below MLS, this is one area that the NASL has and still beats the USL in.

On The Field:

With promotion and relegation, it’s well established that higher leagues in European Football are better than the lower leagues. No one will argue that League One is better than the Championship. In the absence of soccer’s natural selection, the lines become blurred. Note from the U.S. Soccer standards for Division 2 that there are no requirements about the quality of play. The standards emphasize finances and infrastructure. It is possible for a third division league to have a higher level of play than a second division league.

That could very well be the case presently. The NASL has image of being higher than the USL by seniority, but is only one year older. Players who’ve played in both comment that the only key difference is experience; the levels of play are similar. An argument can be made that once said USL player becomes more experienced, their play will exceed that of the NASL player.

In head-to-head match ups, the USL has made a major statement. This past week, USL teams went 7-0 against NASL teams in the U.S. Open Cup. Some did so convincingly: Richmond blanked Jacksonville Armada FC 3-0. Only two NASL teams remain in the whole tournament. The Cosmos defeated Jersey Express 3-0 and the Atlanta Silverbacks needed extra time to beat Chattanooga FC 2-1. Seven of 24 USL sides are still in.

While teams from both leagues had to juggle their lineups due to league play, if NASL were truly a higher level of play, their reserve side should be competitive against a USL first team. In many of these matches, both sides were playing a mixed lineup, and the USL consistently did better.

The difference in player quality appear small. It is possible that the USL is overachieving. If so, credit the USL coaching staffs. They’re doing more with less.

Concluding Remarks:

The jury is probably still out on this topic because of how young and fluid the two leagues are. An argument can be made that the USL is trending above the NASL and is better. Their relationship with MLS is healthier and more beneficial. This partnership has made the MLS fan more interested in the USL as well. The NASL is like the medium-sized company trying to compete with the big corporation. The USL is the new-age start up company being mentored by a corporate partner.

There are possible negative affects of the USL-MLS partnership that haven not come to fruition. Perhaps MLS sides treating the USL like a reserve league could affect the quality of play and integrity of competition. Maybe this hampers growth in the years to come. Only time will tell how MLS (the league as a whole and the teams individually) treat the USL affiliation and what long term affects these will have on the USL.

Other than San Antonio, the short list for MLS expansion is made up of USL cities. The NASL has a history of bad PR, and the FIFA arrests are not helping that front. The Open Cup results indicate that the on field product in the USL is competitive with and possible better than the NASL.

It has a better and more positive image. MLS fans are becoming USL fans. The league has a plan going forward. It has a goal: Division 2 status. USL Rising is upon us. The USL may already have risen above the NASL.

6 Responses You are logged in as Test

  1. So where were you when the NASL dominated the MLS a few years ago during the USA Cup? More importantly minnesota united started 2 people from their normal starting line up. In fact how many lineups of NASL teams did you look into last week? I bet none. If this continues to happen for the next four years then you have a point.

    1. Uhh, NASL has never dominated MLS in the USOC the way USL did last week. Best NASL has ever done vs MLS is 5-7 against them in 2014. In the 4 USOC’s where NASL, USL, and MLS have been together, here are the records thus far.

      MLS vs NASL: 16-11 MLS
      MLS vs USL: 21-9 MLS
      NASL vs USL: 9-3 USL

      NASL has done nothing but promote the US Open Cup as their chance to prove that they can compete with MLS. Well, that door swings both ways. You can’t promote the Cup and then run away from it when the results contradict your claims.

    2. Thank you for your comments Brian. I would have to agree with Christopher’s argument as far as your NASL domination over MLS in the U.S. Open Cup point. I was at the STLFC-MNUFC game in the press box sitting next to a media guy for the Loons. He said it was a strong side for them, with the exception of maybe the back line. I am not NASL expert and don’t claim to be one, but from the NASL junkies I do know and the research I did, it was a mixed back from both NASL and USL sides in the Open Cup. If we average that out across the board, then if the NASL is truly greater than the USL, they would have won the 7 game head-to-head series.

      I agree that it is a small sample size, but I know people who are NASL/USL junkies who say the levels of play are not that dissimilar. As I said in the concluding remarks, the jury is still out probably. But the USL is trending up. They’ve got a more positive image in the eyes of the US Soccer and MLS fan.

  2. Your opinion piece needs quite a few corrections. Andrew Nestor is not the owner of Tampa Bay Rowdies firstly.
    NASL is and has been sanctioned by the USSF as the second division for the last 5 years already so there’s no race and Usl won’t “jump” NASL. Taking this years USOC as a barometer of quality of play on the field is a mistake. 3 of the 7 games could have gone either way. NASL did well last year vs Usl and MLS, Cosmos beating NY Red Bulls team 3-0, Atlanta and Carolina did well also-using your logic NASL is equal to MLS then as they beat some quality MLS teams last year. You can’t use these one off games so simplistically to judge quality of play on the field which NASL clearly is higher than Usl and below MLS.
    NASL players who’ve played in MLS and NASL have also attested to the similar level of play.

    NASL is an independant pro league, Usl MLS’s affiliate/farm team minor league. NASL is stronger across all teams than Usl in attendance, professional operations, international media coverage, etc and pays players more with their higher player budjets. Players will follow the money and opt for NASL over Usl when having that decision. Please educate yourself more with regards to NASL when writing a blog opinion piece.

    1. Thank you for your comments, Len. Allow me to respond:

      1. Andrew Nestor is a minority owner of the Rowdies, as the source I cited where that quote comes from states. Bill Edwards is the majority owner if that’s what you were referring to.
      2. My comments about the USL jumping the NASL are my understanding based on the ambiguity of the rules. Right now neither league qualifies for the new second division standards. So if the NASL makes no improvements and the USL meets all the standards, would it make sense for U.S. Soccer to give the USL 2nd division and keep the NASL as 2nd division? The standards don’t specify what happens then. We do know the standards allow for multiple leagues at the same tier though. That’s just my thinking. If you have a source that clarifies this ambiguity, please share and I will be happy to incorporate it into the article.
      3. I will admit 7 USOC matches is a small sample size to compare the leagues. As mentioned in my response to Brian’s comment, as I understand it, both the NASL and USL teams were playing hybrid lineups. However, consistently the past few years in the round where MLS teams enter USOC, the MLS sides field make-shift lineups and the NASL sides put out their first teams. When the USL teams do well against the NASL with both teams putting out hybrid lineups, advantage USL. When an NASL first team beats an MLS reserve side, not as impressive. Again, I admit it is difficult to make conclusions with such a small sample size.
      4. I’d like to hear your sources/examples if players who’ve played in both MLS and the NASL saying the level of play is similar. I’ve never heard that, but that doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. I don’t think there’s any argument with the number and quality of DPs and national team players playing in MLS that MLS is higher quality of play than the NASL.
      5. There’s no denying the operations in the NASL is better than the USL. The NASL has also been around longer, and that deal with ESPN3 is HUGE as far as exposure and ease of access. That said, with time the USL teams will learn and the partnership with MLS has to help. Neither league has a hard salary cap last I checked. It’s hard to find a reliable source on salary numbers for both leagues but I keep hearing $40k for the NASL and $30-35k for the USL. Yes, players will go to where the money is, but is $5k enough to make a clear divide in the quality of play? Will MLS academy products playing throughout the USL counter? We’ll have to wait and see.

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